Aurélien Catros

aurélien-1.jpg

Aurélien Catros est architecte HMONP diplômé de l’École d’Architecture de Lyon.
Il travaille d’abord aux côtés d’architectes du patrimoine, en France, avant d’entreprendre une thèse de doctorat à l’Université de Montréal sous la direction de Jean-Pierre Chupin et Bechara Helal.

Titre du projet de thèse : “Transferts réciproques entre maquettes physiques et modèles numériques dans le projet d’architecture”

À l’instar de leurs homologues analogiques, les modélisations numériques contemporaines influencent l’appréciation des projets par les architectes tout au long du processus de conception. Ces objets théoriques singuliers suscitent nombre d’analyses critiques mais sont rarement théorisés conjointement aux maquettes analogiques bien que ces modèles soient régulièrement utilisés de concert. Sur le plan ontologique, ces productions sont dissemblables : que ce soit en termes de supports (de quoi le modèle est-il fait ?), d’objectifs (quel est le but du modèle ?) et de temporalités (est-ce un modèle statique ou dynamique ?). Les transferts réciproques entre les différents supports se diversifiant, les productions de part et d’autre de ces opérations admettent potentiellement de nouveaux usages et donc critères d’évaluation. Du point de vue théorique, il apparaît aujourd’hui indispensable d’interroger les facteurs mis en crise lors des transferts entre ces différents supports puisque ces critères participeront réciproquement à définir la qualité architecturale. Comment les modélisations numériques contribuent-elles à redéfinir les critères d’évaluation du projet d’architecture avec ou à l’encontre des maquettes analogiques ?

Cette recherche traite conjointement des modèles analogiques et numériques comme instruments de représentation et de simulation du projet d’architecture. Nous proposons de : 1) Compléter et actualiser les catégorisations existantes des modélisations en architecture pour situer ces productions au sein de la théorie générale des modèles, 2) Comparer les différents modèles numériques à leurs «équivalents» analogiques supposés d’après la catégorisation proposée pour comprendre modalités de transferts entre eux au sein de la pratique contemporaine, 3) Identifier les biais et potentiels des usages conjoints et disjoints de ces modélisations à travers leurs interactions afin d’améliorer et d’optimiser leurs utilisations respectives par les concepteurs.

Notre cadre théorique se fonde sur des catégorisations générales des modèles qui ont déjà fait l’objet de tentatives d’adaptation aux maquettes analogiques et numériques en architecture. Cette catégorisation constituera la grille d’analyse qui nous permettra d’étudier les itérations successives des modélisations de différents projets. Considérant que ces itérations permettent l’évaluation du projet par l’architecte et donc son évolution, notre approche méthodologique s’inscrit dans le comparatisme qualitatif et théorique proposée par l’analyse comparative quali-quantitative (qualitative Comparative Analysis – QCA). Nous identifierons les similitudes et différences entre les maquettes d’étude successives pour identifier la manière dont les caractéristiques de ces modèles (supports, objectifs, temporalités) influencent la modification du projet et la création du modèle suivant.  Nous chercherons en particulier à isoler différents facteurs d’évaluation de la qualité des modélisations d’architecture qui se révéleraient – le cas échéant – spécifiques à la conception du projet à l’ère numérique.

Angie Arsenault

Angie.jpg

Angie Arsenault is an artist and researcher currently enrolled in the HUMA PhD Program at Concordia University where she focuses on fine art, deindustrialization and oral history. Angie is from the deindustrialized island of Cape Breton and much of her art practise and research employs memory, material culture and storytelling to examine life in and around ruination on the island. Angie’s artistic explorations generally manifest in sculpture, installation and performance, but she has recently been exploring book work. She holds both a BFA (2004) and MFA (2017) from NSCAD University where her Masters thesis project, Keeper of Industrial Memory, was awarded both a SSHRC and the Governor General Academic Gold Medal. Angie is also a trained goldsmith (VCC, 2009) and was the sole proprietor of a fine jewellery business for six years.

Title of research: Working through deindustrialization: Art and ruination.

Supervisors: Cynthia Hammond, Steven High and MJ Thompson

Aristofanis Soulikias

Ari.jpg

Aristofanis Soulikias is an architect and film animator. He is a PhD student at Concordia University, in the Individualized Program (INDI), under the supervision of Dr. Carmela Cucuzzella, Dr. Cynthia Hammond and Prof. Luigi Allemano, pursuing an interdisciplinary research-creation study with the title: Architecture and Film Animation: Visualizing and educating on the built environment through stop-motion and under-camera techniques, which aims at examining how Architecture and Film Animation can inform each other and evolve with the use of traditional stop-motion techniques that have re-emerged, owing to adapted digital technologies, as to engage citizens with their urban built environment and its intangible realms.

His B.Sc in Architecture and a B.Arch from McGill University were followed by a period of professional conservation work on Mediaeval and Post-Mediaeval monuments in Greece which, in turn, led to a scholarship by the Hellenic Society for the Environment and Cultural Heritage towards an MA in Conservation Studies at the Archaeology Department of the University of York, UK, completed in 2010.

After a two-year fellowship at the Prince’s Foundation in London, UK, where he worked and received training on sustainable urbanism, Aristofanis returned to his native Montreal to learn the craft of film animation at the Mel Hoppenheim School of Cinema of Concordia University, where he completed a BFA with distinction. His graduation film Last Dance on the Main, an animated documentary on the perilous state of Montreal’s built heritage and social fabric was selected by TIFF’s Canada’s Top Ten for the year 2014, and won four awards in international festivals. That same year he received the Mel Hoppenheim’s Emru Townsend award in Film Animation.

Title:  Architecture and Film Animation: Visualizing and educating on the built environment through stop-motion and under-camera techniques

Supervisors: Dr. Carmela Cucuzzella, Dr. Cynthia Hammond and Prof. Luigi Allemano

Alexandra Paré

Alexandra.jpg

Alexandra is currently a PhD student in the Doctorate Program in Architecture at the University of Montreal under the supervision of Jean-Pierre Chupin at the Laboratoire d’étude de l’architecture potentielle (LEAP). She holds a Master of Applied Science degree from the University of Montreal and a Bachelor’s degree in Environmental Design from UQAM. She also holds a Bachelor’s degree in Education from the University of Ottawa.

Her master’s thesis was on Steiner-Waldorf schools architecture, an international pedagogical movement born at the beginning of the 20th century that gave rise to innovative school design. Her doctoral research project now aims to explore the epistemological, pedagogical and aesthetic underpinnings of contemporary school architecture.

Title: Comparative Analysis of the Relationship Between Architectural Strategies and Theories of Child Development in a Canadian Corpus of Contemporary Elementary Schools.

Research Summary: This dissertation focuses on the analysis of the forms and architectural spaces of newly constructed elementary schools in order to identify criteria for assessing the pedagogical and aesthetic value of school building architecture. This research will draw on a series of case studies to examine the relationship between form, spatiality and functionality as well as the role of architecture in child development. It aims to contribute to the development of a theoretical model that will better understand the didacticism of school building architecture as well as the social and cultural issues related to it. Methodologically, it will examine further elementary school projects in Canada that have received architectural excellence awards as well as school design competition.

Keywords: Architecture, School Building Architecture, Architecture Project, History and Theory of Architecture, Architectural Criticism, Education, Child Development, Architecture Competitions, Awards of Excellence

Alessandra Mariani

alessandra.jpg

Alessandra Mariani is a Ph.D. candidate in art history at Université du Québec à Montréal. Her research focuses on the nature and aims of the interdisciplinarity of New York architectural firm Diller Scofidio + Renfro (DS+R). Her thesis explores the means developed by DS+R over forty years to widen their field of architectural interventions and alter their role as architects. The dissertation exposes DS+R’s undertakings in developing a cultural agency based on an assessment of the internal dynamics of the architectural discipline, their probing of the cultural conditioning produced by visual culture and mediated experience, and their maieutic centered on the creation of spaces promoting collective and individual subjectivization. Alessandra was awarded scholarships by the Fonds de recherche Société et Culture du Québec, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Centre for Architecture, the Faculty of Arts of UQAM and the Laboratoire d’Études pour l’Architecture Potentielle to conduct her research. In 2006, she founded the journal Museologies (www.museologies.org), which mandate is to disseminate and promote interdisciplinary research focused on the plurality of functions and stakes of the contemporary museum’s environment. She has been the editor ever since. The double-blind reviewed articles by a recognized committee have attracted an international distribution of the journal to over two hundred museums and academic institutions and a Force Avenir Award (2009). Alessandra has published articles related to previously mentionned issues and architectural related themes, and gave papers on the progress of her doctoral research. Since 2011, she teaches the theory and history of modern architecture at the UQAM School of Design.

Mandana Bafghinia

mandana-copie.jpg

Title: The summit’s gaze, or the skyscraper as beacon and observatory

Supervisor: Prof. Jean-Pierre Chupin

Thesis Summary: The dissertation considers skyscrapers as a transitional object within the architectural and the urban fields, focuses specifically on their summits, which are interpreted as dialogic constructs that transgress the opposition between seeing and being seen.

Since their appearance in Chicago and New York, skyscrapers expressing competitive business powers have shaped the skyline of the metropolis. Early skyscrapers were conceived to be seen looking up from the ground, but since the 1920s, architects have had the temptation of looking at the city from atop, creating observation areas.

The research will measure the expanded field in which the design process meets the perception of the observer, the viewing platform allowing for a re-conception of urban space and the shaping of new patterns. In another terms, these objects cannot be reduced to a semiotic system or a model of representation but rather represent a bequest of presence, allowing for the aesthetic experience of a mutual recognition from the observer and the designing architect.

Methodologically, the dissertation will develop at three distinct scales, corresponding to different historical, architectural and urban perspectives. The macro scale will respond to the evolution of the summit both as an interior and as an exterior skin. At the micro scale, a synchronic analysis will focus on three case studies: The Rockefeller Center in New York (1930-39), the Place Ville Marie in Montréal (1958-62) and the Tour Montparnasse in Paris (1969-73, and since 2017). Finally, at a meso scale, an analytic narrative will deal with the spatio-temporal experience of this ambiguous building.